A tutorial on basic firearm terms and technology for patriots In honor of #GunPrideMonth
Part I of our series was a basic explanation of the common parts of every gun. This part picks up with the early 19th century innovation that provided for the mechanization of almost every gun. As is the case with most automated systems, the operational expertise was built into the tool making it easy to use by even unskilled personnel. This is the reason why mechanized guns are the most widespread and popular. As well as why these are the primary targets of the Liberty Grabbers on the national Socialist Left.
This technological innovation combined the tube, propellant, projectile and ignition system [Primer] in one compact unit. This revolutionary technology was developed in the early 19th century and it made every firearm innovation possible from then on. These individual cartridges are also referred to as rounds of ammunition.
Cartridge ammunition could be thought of as a rudimentary gun with the purpose of the rest of the firearm apparatus to merely load and fire these units. They are used on almost all firearms aside from the larger artillery tubes where it’s logistically difficult to handle cased ammunition of that size. These are colloquially referred to as ‘bag guns’ as opposed to cased ammunition.
The combination of loading through the breach, cartridge ammunition and bolt action spurred several innovations. The ignition requirement was taken up with a firing pin in the bolt hitting the primer to fire the round. It also has an extractor lever for the removal of a spent cartridge after it’s been fired.
Image source: Encyclopædia Britannica
Almost every gun is a variation in how cartridges are moved in and out of the firing chamber.
It could be said that aside from the length, inner diameter and rifling of the barrel, the primary difference in all guns is how are these cartridges are move in and out of the breech. Some instances have these cartridges held in a form with a series of holes that is revolved into alignment with the barrel for firing, hence the term revolver or ‘wheel gun’.
In most other instances, the cartridges are mechanically moved into and out of the firing chamber of the barrel. Aside from the previous stipulations the form of this movement distinguishes every type of gun in existence.
This is one of the simplest as well as the most accurate of firearm systems whereby the bolt is manually moved to load fresh cartridges as well as eject spent casings after firing. The bolt is pulled back to eject the spent cartridge and to load a fresh round into the chamber engaging the locking lugs in the process. A lever action is a variation on this where a lever [hence the name] is worked to accomplish the same task.
Mechanizing the process of moving of cartridges in and out of the firing chamber.
The high-energy nature of the expanding gas actuation of a firearm means that there is plenty of excess energy to accomplish the task of unloading and loading of each cartridge. There are numerous variations on how this is done, but for our purposes here, those variations aren’t as important. Please note that these mechanical devices usually have several springs to absorb the energy of a firing sequence to actuate the bolt and set the hammer or firing pin for another round. The recoil spring acts on the bolt while the hammer or striker spring works on the firing mechanism.
The process begins when the weapon is fired, the excess energy shifts the bolt back into the open position, ejecting the spent casing while compressing the recoil spring. The recoil spring, then pushes the bolt forward, picking up a fresh cartridge from a magazine in the process. The bolt continues forward, setting the hammer or firing pin spring and pushing the round into the chamber. This mechanical process uses the energy of the previous firing to replace the cartridge and set the weapon to fire again.
The extremely important distinction here is that this is a semiautomatic process is akin to a mechanized version of what takes place with a bolt or lever action. After it is completed the gun is effectively similar to a bolt action, the trigger has to be pulled to release the hammer or firing pin to fire the weapon, with the process repeating itself.
The vastly different automatic version of the process.
In most cases the completely automatic version of the process ejects the spent cartridge, resets the firing pin and loads another round into the firing chamber. Instead of merely resetting the hammer or firing pin, there is a complicated extra step by which these are released at the proper time to fire the weapon again and again as long as the trigger is held down.
For the most part, it’s an extremely complicated step of releasing the hammer or firing pin at the correct point in the sequence. This is why it’s not easy to change from a partial mechanical process to one that is fully automated, despite the assertions of the Left.
The critical point in all of this is that firearms are a very old and rather basic technology. There shouldn’t be any mystery surrounding the subject. It should also be clear that these types of weapons can easily be produced under the most rudimentary conditions. Therefore it is a fools errand to think that these weapons can ever be eliminated from the face of the earth.
At their essential level, every firearm has the same basic parts and the same functionality. With it just being a matter of how the ammunition is shifted in and out of the weapon. As is the case with any other automated process, one that works in this manner is the easiest to use and the most popular. That is why Liberty Grabbers target this type of firearm.
Make no mistake, most guns would be confiscated with the banning of semi-automatic firearms. There is nothing magical about a firearm technology that has been around for more than 125 years. They are just easier to use in defending oneself and family that is why the Liberty Grabbers want them banned.
We are currently forming the American Conservative Movement. If you are interested in learning more, we will be sending out information in a few weeks.
[gravityform id=”2″ title=”true” description=”false”]