The favored attack against a Biblical worldview by those who espouse a secular worldview is to invoke science. Whether it’s a smug intellectual professor or an unhinged product of American indoctrination centers, better known as universities, the supposed “case closed” attack used to disprove the Bible is a combination of various scientific theories, including evolution, the Big Bang, and my favorite theory that’s relatively new, the multiverse theory.
All of these theories have major flaws. Invariably, these flaws are easily reconciled within a Biblical worldview. For example, evolution cannot reconcile with irreducible complexity. Even Charles Darwin himself noted, “If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down.”
Essentially, irreducible complexity is observed when a system is so reliant on each individual part of it that removing any one of them would render the entire system useless. Evolution works through the concept that advancements happen over time as improvements or mutations come into being through natural means. But systems that are irreducibly complex do not jibe with this concept because for the system to have come about through natural means, every component must have been generated simultaneously. It’s more farcical than believing you could throw all the pieces from a Jenga box in the air and they would land in a perfectly formed stack.
The example often used to illustrate this is the basic mousetrap.
There are five basic components. Any combination of four of the components doesn’t yield a less effective mousetrap. It would no longer be a mousetrap at all. This is an easy way to see irreducible complexity at work. Now, apply this to the basic building blocks of life – the cell. A simple cell is exponentially more complex than a mousetrap. Take away any component of a simple cell and you don’t have a simpler cell. You have nothing. It wouldn’t be able to perform a single function of a cell.
How do secular scientists reconcile this? Google it. The rebuttals I read through ranged from haughty to mildly concerned, but all of them had two conclusions. First, they all stipulated that the answer is simply unknown now, but eventually science will be able to explain it. Second, they went to the tried and true argument that given enough time and enough opportunities, anything is possible. This is the argument that invariably comes forth whenever challenges are made to anti-Biblical scientific theories. Time is the great equalizer for scientists because they know the unfathomable nature of millions or billions of years renders the average person too dumbfounded to rightfully challenge their impossible claims.
Before we get into why scientists are so adamant about preserving their worldview, we should break down the questions they attempt to answer that often challenges this worldview. The questions asked in the widest range of topics from the origins of the universe to the best way to live our lives now to the final destination of our consciousness after our physical bodies die can be broken down into three categories:
- How are we here?
- Why are we here?
- Where are we going?
It isn’t just secular scientists. These questions have perplexed scholars and students, philosophers and layman. The Bible offers complex yet understandable explanations to all of these questions. Even with these clear explanations, humans have struggled to grasp the meaning of it all since the Bible was first distributed to the masses. Nevertheless, the Bible points to real explanations to these questions that can and should be explored more deeply, but these explanations are instantly dismissed by secular scientists as well as a growing segment of the entire population. And therein lies the key to the third reason scientists refuse to acknowledge evidence of a Biblical worldview.
Before we get to that one, let’s start with the first reason and work our way down.
1. Blacklisted black sheep
There is one very easy way for scientists to lose their jobs, have their grants cut, never get published in scientific journals, and get generally ridiculed by their piers. They simply have to declare their belief in a Biblical worldview. Doing so will, for all intents and purposes, land them on the blacklist within the scientific community that will end their careers.
The modern scientific world works within a very tight echo chamber. Within this echo chamber, all discussions must be framed within the natural. Any attempts to stir up discussions of the supernatural are instantly stifled. Further attempts lead to being labeled as a black sheep. Even the most tenured and respected scientists who become Biblical black sheep are unceremoniously blacklisted. They are removed from the echo chamber so their dangerous ideas cannot be heard.
It is well documented that professors have been fired, researchers have been demoted, and scholars have been removed from speaking circuits when they start asking the wrong questions or coming to Biblical conclusions. In the modern scientific world, you can challenge any theory and argue any valid point unless it invokes credence to the Bible or intelligent design. If you go down that road, you’re no longer considered one of the cool kids.
2. The scientist’s old clothes
In the tale of The Emperor’s New Clothes, the titular emperor is convinced by a pair of con men that his newest outfit is woven from magical threads that were invisible to anyone who was unfit for their office or who were unusually stupid. This thought pleased the emperor so he could tell the wise from the foolish in his court.
The whole town knew of the powers of the clothing and were anxious to see it for themselves so they could tell which of their neighbors were stupid. The emperor sent in two of his advisers to check on progress. They saw nothing, of course, but were too ashamed to admit it, so they reported to the emperor how wonderful the clothing appeared. When the clothes were presented and the emperor saw nothing, he, too, was too ashamed to admit it.
The emperor pranced around town naked with nobody wanting to admit they saw nothing for fear that they would be revealed as stupid.
This is a simplification of what’s been happening with secular scientists for decades. Evidence has been emerging in the modern era that slice gaping holes in scientific theories that oppose the Biblical worldview, but it’s all getting pushed aside. It usually comes down to wild interpretations of the evidence rather than outright dismissal, but nevertheless secular scientists refuse to admit the transparency they’re seeing in the old clothes of scientific explanation. It’s better for them to pretend they see the wonderful colors of their scientific clothing than to admit there’s no clothing for them to see.
Keep in mind that scientific evidence is not being debunked. It’s scientific conclusions that are failing the transparency test. The biggest mistake made by those who believe solely in secular scientific conclusions is they believe evidence is mutually exclusive. In their minds, evidence must point to their conclusions, and if they happen to jibe with a Biblical worldview, that’s just a coincidence. But the truth is the exact opposite. Is evidence of a beginning to the universe proof of creation or the Big Bang? By itself, it lends credence to both theories, but to secular scientists it is only allowed to be attributed to their theory.
More scientists are changing their conclusions to align with intelligent design at the least. Many are going so far as to embrace the Bible itself. The Emperor’s New Clothes ends when a child finally comes out and tells the crowd the emperor has nothing on at all. How the story ends is eerily similar to what’s happening in the world of modern secular science.
The Emperor shivered, for he suspected they were right. But he thought, “This procession has got to go on.” So he walked more proudly than ever, as his noblemen held high the train that wasn’t there at all.
3. Ephesians 6:12
The Bible warns of this problem. Romans 1:22-23 referred to the machinations of the people in Paul’s era who dismissed the Bible’s teachings so they could engage with man-made idols.
22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,
23 And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.
This concept lives in practice today. Secular scientists aren’t worshiping on alters of birds. They’re worshiping on the alters of insufficient scientific theories. Again, I must be clear that the observations and evidence presented through science is usually not incorrect. It’s their interpretations of the observations that are wrong. For example, the lack of a “missing link” between apes and men is seen through the Biblical worldview as proof of the Bible’s authenticity, whereas it is seen as something to be assumed until it is discovered by those who believe in secular science.
This is a delusion. It’s one that is reinforced through governments, schools, and mainstream media. Just as the creation itself must be seen through a supernatural lens, so too must we view this delusion as one of supernatural origins. For this, we turn to Ephesians 6:12:
12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.
It’s important to understand the primary driving force behind the secular scientific worldview is one with its roots in the supernatural. We need to recognize the enemy for what it is, and dismissing this opposing worldview as simply a product of stubbornness or ignorance would be a huge mistake. When we realize there are forces outside of our realm that work towards corrupting the worldviews of the people, we’ll be better prepared to fight against it.
As Ephesians continues, it warns us that we must wear the whole full Armor of God. Read through Ephesians 6:13-18 to gain an understanding of all we will need to defend against the principalities, powers, and rulers of the darkness of this world.
Science in and of itself is not bad. Every day we gain a better understanding of how God’s creation works, and scientific observations can reinforce our Biblical worldview. Just don’t let the conclusions made by secular science taint this understanding. Their delusion is strong, but the evidence is increasingly supportive of the truth many of us already hold dear.
I’m Tammy Rucker. Thank you for listening.
Does Matthew 22:29-30 indicate Jesus was referencing the Book of Enoch?
Extra-Biblical texts such as the Book of Enoch are often frowned upon by churches. Some see 1 Enoch as fake. Others say it’s a good historical reference but not inspired. The Ethiopian Bible includes it as scripture. Should we read it?
To understand the answer to this question, we need to consider three things. First, it was referenced as holy by many of the early church fathers, but was excluded from official canon. Second, Enoch is referenced multiple times in the Bible: Genesis 4 and 5, Luke 3:37, Hebrews 11:5, and Jude 1:14. Third, Jesus makes a statement in Matthew 22:29-30 that references “scripture” but what he is saying is only found in 1 Enoch.
Many who oppose the validity of Enoch say that it was written after the Book of Jude because the it includes the quote that Jude references, but fragments of Enoch were found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, which most scholars date to before Jude was born.
The scripture in question is Matthew 22:29-30:
29 Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God.
30 For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven.
Nowhere in the 66 Books of the Bible does it say angels neither marry nor are given in marriage. What did Jesus mean when he said “Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures” in reference to the angels not marrying?
Here is 1 Enoch 15:5-7:
5. Therefore have I given them wives also that they might impregnate them, and beget children by them, that thus nothing might be wanting to them on earth. 6. But you were ⌈formerly⌉ spiritual, living the eternal life, and immortal for all generations of the world. 7. And therefore I have not appointed wives for you; for as for the spiritual ones of the heaven, in heaven is their dwelling.
As with anything regarding extra-Biblical texts, I must urge caution. Many who believe 1 Enoch is authentic refute the authenticity of 2 Enoch and 3 Enoch. Then, there’s the question of inspiration and protection of the text. Many Christians believe the Bible has been able to survive and flourish despite so many attempts to disrupt it is because it has been protected over the millennia. If that’s the case, why was Enoch not included the whole time?
The answer to this question, to those who believe in its authenticity, may be found in the first two verses of the manuscript.
1 The words of the blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the elect and righteous, who will be 2 living in the day of tribulation, when all the wicked and godless are to be removed. And he took up his parable and said -Enoch a righteous man, whose eyes were opened by God, saw the vision of the Holy One in the heavens, which the angels showed me, and from them I heard everything, and from them I understood as I saw, but not for this generation, but for a remote one which is 3 for to come. Concerning the elect I said, and took up my parable concerning them:
If Enoch is real, it’s meant for a later generation living in the day of tribulation. If it’s a fake, then it’s intended to deceive those in the end times. Either way, it’s understandable that it would not be included in most Bibles.
I tend to believe 1 Enoch is legitimate, but not to the point that I would teach on it. Not yet. Much more prayer and study is required before I would ever risk misleading anyone.
Nevertheless, the reference in Matthew 22 is compelling.
The ‘church fathers’ and the Book of Enoch
This article first appeared in Torah Driven Life. The site appears to be down currently, so we’re including this page here for reference.
The following is a compilation of attestations to the authenticity and acceptance of the Book of Enoch as Scripture by the fathers of the early church. This list is, by no means, an exhaustive list of quotations from the church fathers, but is rather just skimming of the surface. At any rate, the case is clear, that even beyond Jude’s open reference to it, the Book of Enoch had some degree of acceptance in early Christianity.
Tertullian and the Book of Enoch
Tertullian, an early church father and founder of Latin Christianity, wrote a few positive things concerning the Book of Enoch. Tertulian writes as follows in his 2nd century work, On the Apparel of Women I 3:1-3.
“I am aware that the Scripture of Enoch, which has assigned this order of action to angels, is not received by some, because it is not admitted into the Jewish canon either. I suppose they did not think that, having been published before the deluge, it could have safely survived that world-wide calamity, the abolisher of all things. If that is the reason for rejecting it, let them recall to their memory that Noah, the survivor of the deluge, was the great-grandson of Enoch himself; and he, of course, had heard and remembered, from domestic renown and hereditary tradition, concerning his own great-grandfather’s ‘grace in the sight of God,’ (Genesis 6:8) and concerning all his preachings; since Enoch had given no other charge to Methuselah than that he should hand on the knowledge of them to his posterity. Noah therefore, no doubt, might have succeeded in the trusteeship of his preaching; or, had the case been otherwise, he would not have been silent alike concerning the disposition of things made by God, his Preserver, and concerning the particular glory of his own house.
“If Noah had not had this conservative power by so short a route, there would still be this consideration to warrant our assertion of the genuineness of this Scripture: he could equally have renewed it, under the Spirit’s inspiration, after it had been destroyed by the violence of the deluge, as, after the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonian storming of it, every document of the Jewish literature is generally agreed to have been restored through Ezra.
“But since Enoch in the same Scripture has preached likewise concerning the Lord, nothing at all must be rejected by us which pertains to us; and we read that ‘every Scripture suitable for edification is divinely inspired.’ (2 Timothy 3:16) By the Jews it may now seem to have been rejected for that very reason, just like all the other portions nearly which tell of Christ. Nor, of course, is this fact wonderful, that they did not receive some Scriptures which spake of Him whom even in person, speaking in their presence, they were not to receive. To these considerations is added the fact that Enoch possesses a testimony in the Apostle Jude.” (Jude 1:14-15)
Origen and the Book of Enoch
Origen appeals to the Book of Enoch as having the same canonical authority as he does the Book of Psalms. He writes as follows in De Principiis IV.
“But some one will perhaps inquire whether we can obtain out of Scripture any grounds for such an understanding of the subject. Now I think some such view is indicated in the Psalms, when the prophet says, ‘My eyes have seen your imperfection;’ (Psalm 139:16) by which the mind of the prophet, examining with keener glance the first principles of things, and separating in thought and imagination only between matter and its qualities, perceived the imperfection of God, which certainly is understood to be perfected by the addition of qualities. Enoch also, in his book, speaks as follows: ‘I have walked on even to imperfection;’ which expression I consider may be understood in a similar manner, viz., that the mind of the prophet proceeded in its scrutiny and investigation of all visible things, until it arrived at that first beginning in which it beheld imperfect matter existing without ‘qualities.’ For it is written in the same book of Enoch, ‘I beheld the whole of matter;’ which is so understood as if he had said: ‘I have clearly seen all the divisions of matter which are broken up from one into each individual species either of men, or animals, or of the sky, or of the sun, or of all other things in this world.’”
These quotations which he attributes to Enoch are not found in the Ethiopic text of the Book of Enoch, upon which our modern translations are based. There are, however, two sufficient reasons to believe that Origen is still quoting from the Book of Enoch. First, notice how Origen mishandled Psalm 139:16, “My eyes have seen your imperfection,” as if to indicate that God had imperfections which could be seen. Psalm 139:16 is more accurately translated, “Mine unformed substance Thine eyes saw.” (YLT) So it is very possible that Origen was simply incorrectly quoting passages that do exist in the Ethiopic text. Second, it is known from the discovery of Hebrew and Aramaic manuscripts of Enoch found in the Dead Sea Scrolls at Qumran that there are large portions of text that are not present in the Ethiopic manuscripts. (See 4Q209 and 4Q211) So it is also possible that he was quoting from portions of Enoch that may have not been translated into the Ethiopic text, and hence have not survived to today.
Irenaeus and the Book of Enoch
Irenaeus, in his work The Proof of the Apostolic Preaching 18, records a condensed retelling of Enoch 6-8. He does this without directly citing the Book of Enoch, yet the citation here is unmistakable.
“And for a very long while wickedness extended and spread, and reached and laid hold upon the whole race of mankind, until a very small seed of righteousness remained among them: and illicit unions took place upon the earth, since angels were united with the daughters of the race of mankind; and they bore to them sons who for their exceeding greatness were called giants. And the angels brought as presents to their wives teachings of wickedness, in that they brought them the virtues of roots and herbs, dyeing in colours and cosmetics, the discovery of rare substances, love-potions, aversions, amours, concupiscence, constraints of love, spells of bewitchment, and all sorcery and idolatry hateful to God; by the entry of which things into the world evil extended and spread, while righteousness was diminished and enfeebled.”
The Epistle of Pseudo-Barnabas and the Book of Enoch
The Epistle of Pseudo-Barnabas is frequently ranked among the Apostolic Fathers, i.e. the founding documents of gentile Christianity. This letter contains several blatant quotations from the Book of Enoch, citing it as “Scripture” in Barnabas 16:5-6.
“Again, it was made manifest that the city and the temple and the people of Israel were to be delivered up. For the Scripture says, ‘And it shall come to pass in the last days that the Lord shall deliver the sheep of His pasture, and the sheep-fold, and their tower to destruction.’ (Condensed from Enoch 89:54-56) And it took place according to what the Lord said. But let us inquire if a temple of God exists. Yes, it exists, where He Himself said that He makes and perfects it. For it is written, ‘And it shall come to pass when the week is ended that a temple of God shall be built gloriously in the name of the Lord.’ ” (Similar to Enoch 93:6-7)
Given that the writing style of Pseudo-Barnabas does not always give exact quotes from the Scripures, but frequently handles them in a very midrashic style, it is probable that the author is giving a condensed paraphrase of the passages in question from the same version of Enoch we have in our possession today.
Athenagoras and the Book of Enoch
Athenagoras of Athens, in his work 2nd century work Legatio, claims to regard Enoch as a true prophet, and this same work relies heavily upon the angelic cosmology presented in the Book of Enoch.
Ezekiel’s prophecy and the truth about false prophets
The topic of “false prophets” is often difficult to discuss on the internet in general and social media in particular because invariably whenever we warn of false prophets, we’re accused of being false prophets. Such is the nature of our struggle to live a faithful life and spread the Gospel. Naysayers and mockers are always there.
This topic in particular is a challenging one because it’s based upon a set of verses that some believe has been misinterpreted in most churches today. The verses in question are found in Matthew 24, verses 4 and 5.
4 And Jesus answered and said unto them, Take heed that no man deceive you.
5 For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many.
The standard interpretation says that there will be people in the end times who claim to be Christ. While this is also true, as we see regularly, an alternate (and in my opinion, much more credible) interpretation is that false teachers will come in the end times in the name of Jesus Christ and will lead their flocks astray.
The argument is all in how the context is understood. Most read it as people saying, “I am Christ,” as in they’re claiming to be Christ. But what I believe he’s saying is people shall come in His name saying that He (Jesus) is Christ, and then shall deceive many. It changes the risk factor for believers because it insinuates there are those who may be leading a church today who pretend to be teaching the Gospel but are actually preaching a self-serving version of it that still claims to be a message from our Lord and Savior but is actually a great deception.
Those who have seen or even been brought into the prosperity “gospel” may have a very clear idea of what I mean.
This video goes into much more detail about prophetic events told of in both the Old and New Testament. I strongly recommend watching it, if only to make you think about what’s happening in the world around us.
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