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Scientists use cosmic rays to discover a previously unknown chamber in the Great Pyramid

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There may be a chamber 30 meters long in the Great Pyramid of Giza that scientists weren’t aware of before. To find it, scientists used cosmic rays called muons to test the density of the stones that make up the huge ancient structure.

“If there is more mass, fewer muons get to that detector,” says Christopher Morris at Los Alamos National Laboratory, who uses similar techniques to image the internal structure of nuclear reactors. “When there is less mass, more muons get to the detector.”

The pyramid has been fodder for scientists and conspiracy theorists since the modern era began. Now, they’ll try to unlock more information about the pyramid by drilling into it and sending in cameras to the alleged chamber.

Further Reading

Cosmic rays have revealed a new chamber in Egypt’s Great Pyramid | New Scientist

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2152224-cosmic-rays-have-revealed-a-new-chamber-in-egypts-great-pyramidAn international team led by Kunihiro Morishima at Nagoya University in Japan used muons, the high-energy particles generated when cosmic rays collide with our atmosphere, to explore inside Egypt’s Great Pyramid without moving a stone.

Muons can penetrate deep into rock, and get absorbed at different rates depending on the density of the rock they encounter. By placing muon detectors within and around the pyramid, the team could see how much material the particles passed through.

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